How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High. Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit (Isaiah 14:12-15, KJV).
Have you ever wondered why in the middle of a taunt about the King of Babylon, a rant about Satan (aka Lucifer) was suddenly there? I did. Mainly, when in other translations, it reads "star of the morning" or "morning star" (rather than Lucifer). I started to wonder about it while writing my book He Who Has an Ear, Who the Seven Churches of Revelation are Today.
You might think that's a strange thing to think about when writing a book on the seven churches of Revelation. But not really. Not when you come across this verse in Revelation:
He who overcomes, and he who keeps My deeds until the end, to him I will give authority over the nations; and he shall rule them with a rod of iron, as the vessels of the potter are broken to pieces, as I also have received authority from My Father; and I will give him the morning star (Revelation 2:26-28, NASB, emphasis mine).
Here's how my brain works - right away, I see "the morning star" and think about Satan because he was called that in Isaiah 14:12, and I ask the question, "Why would Jesus give us Satan? That doesn't make sense!" So, of course, I did a word search and then a little more searching, and the following is what I found out. This is an excerpt from my book He Who Has an Ear.
Who is the Morning Star?
What do we know about Satan? Or rather, what do we think we know? Once again, we need to dig into Scripture. The Jewish Publication Society put out their English/Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) in 1917. I started there with Isaiah 14:12a, which says, “How art thou fallen from heaven, O day-star, son of the morning!” Compare that with the KJV, which says, “How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning!” The translators of the King James Version gave Satan a name that Christians have associated with him for centuries. But how did day-star become Lucifer?
When you read Isaiah 14:1-22, you will see clearly that this Scripture is NOT in reference to Satan, but is instead a taunt against Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon.